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[新闻] 发展成黑手瓜雪失王牌‧萤河快消失了

发展成黑手瓜雪失王牌‧萤河快消失了

(瓜拉雪兰莪)夜幕低垂,昆虫界的星星王子在瓜拉雪兰莪的夜空漫天飞舞,点缀幽暗的丛林,增添夜色光彩;但是,发展洪流与生態的失衡,让瓜雪的萤火虫日益减少,闪闪星光渐渐暗淡……。

瓜雪萤火虫临消失危机的担忧从未间断。早在1999年当时的雪州政府宣佈在古毛建水坝,到去年11杪,萤河核心区(core area)遭不法之徒砍伐树木並公开焚烧树木,瓜雪萤火虫已濒临绝跡,当地居民与森林与大自然保护者无不感到隱忧。

萤火虫逐步“绝跡”眾说纷紜,瓜雪萤火虫减少的真正因素也是个谜。

周国樑:应学习繁殖萤火虫
大马海洋科学协会会长周国樑认为,隨著全球暖化,气候以及大自然生態受到影响,不少无法適应气候暖化的动植物面临绝种现象,尤其是近来全球暖化,许动物和昆虫所產下的后代,都是以雌性为主,无法交配而减產;而瓜雪萤火虫,也面临同样的危机。

萤火虫幼虫的食物一直都是研究学家想解开的谜底,可惜经过新加坡、檳城、日本等科学家多年的研究,依旧没有任何头绪。

们猜测萤火虫幼虫可能是红树林根部霉菌为生,大量砍伐红树林、工厂的污染、水源变质等都影响著大自然生態。”

罗志良:水质变化萤河生命链失衡
另外,大马自然协会执行董事罗志良博士指出,水质变化及萤河生命链失衡,才是瓜雪萤火虫绝跡的罪魁祸首,由海桑树(berembang)、蜗牛、萤火虫,河流所组成的生命链,在棲息地被破坏后,萤火虫才面临绝跡的危机。

他也说,萤河淡水渐少、河水含盐量增加,拉响了萤河水质变化的警报,而且当局没有妥善使用水坝,还不断抽取河水,萤河淡水渐少,对於海桑树、幼虫、蜗牛等围绕著萤河生长的动植物,相当的不利。

黄洁冰:砍伐树木破坏自然生態
雪州行政议员黄洁冰在之的行政议会上坦言雪州政府在3个月前,发现有单位在联邦协调委员会批准下进行砍伐,导致萤河其中4个区域的树林被砍伐一空,严重影响依赖海桑树棲息的萤火虫。

“萤河周遭非河流保留地,导致砍伐活动日益猖獗,一些地主也將土地出租,开发成为棕园,殊不知已破坏萤火虫的自然生態。”

瓜雪以萤火虫闻名,吸引许多国內外旅客慕名而来,成为雪州主要旅游胜地之一,也是当地人民的主要收入来源。不少行业也围绕著萤火虫为生,包括餐饮、手工艺品及旅游业等。

可以想像,如果有一天,瓜雪萤火虫彻底消失了,除了大马地理课本要改写外,瓜雪及巴西不兰邦逾50%以上居民的生计,尤其是以萤火虫为生的行业將深受打击。

雪州政府的救萤火虫行动:
1.拨款徵地、设立基金会
2.正研究准备的徵用的土地面积,且与涉及的52名地主洽谈徵地问题,希望把有关地段列为河流保留地,再计划进行重新种植工作,妥善规划发展萤河。




瓜雪甘榜柏林宾萤河入口处。


瓜雪萤河宽100尺和长20公里,共分成7区。

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